South Okanagan trail to Little Tunnel is an uplifting ride

Little Tunnel, big attraction

My series on introductory trails continues this week with Little Tunnel, one of the three legs of the Kettle Valley Rail Trail, which all have their hub in Penticton.

The former KVR network in the South Okanagan consists of the main line coming in from Chute Lake, north of Penticton. Its second leg goes through the Penticton Indian Band reserve to Summerland and then heads west in a giant arc to Princeton. The KVR's South Spur heads south from Penticton toward Okanagan Falls and extends almost all the way to Osoyoos. The latter leg is the most scenic part of the Skaha Lake Loop, featured May 19.

To summarize conditions on the three legs—Penticton to Little Tunnel is almost identical to the near-perfect, packed gravel of the Okanagan Rail Trail, thanks to the efforts of the Regional District of Okanagan-Similkameen's parks department. The South Spur is a sad comment on what could have been and the First Nation reserve stretch has the promise of what could be.

After cycling the Skaha Lake Loop in early May, the South Spur was a reminder of what happens when local governments don't buy an entire abandoned rail line and parts of it are sold off to private developers, forcing hikers and cyclists onto local roads in Kaleden.

The Penticton-to-Summerland stretch is so far an unimproved trail, rough in places, but doable with aggressive hybrid tires and mountain bikes.

In an interview several years ago, chief administration officer Joe Johnson noted the Penticton Indian Band has never applied for an “addition to reserve” like the Okanagan Indian Band submitted for the Okanagan Rail Trail between Kelowna International Airport and Lake Country (still awaiting federal approval).

Technically, the right-of-way still belongs to CP Rail, leading to one internet description of it as "no man's land."

The highlight of the three legs is, without doubt, what everyone calls “Little Tunnel” and it deserves its reputation as one of the best hiking/biking destinations in the Penticton area.

The Sheriff and Constant Companion Carmen have almost always cycled this section of the KVR Trail from the trailhead at the north end of Vancouver Place in Penticton. Because this local street has mainly neighbourhood parking and not very many empty parking spaces, we often park on Vancouver Avenue in front of the community garden or on nearby Cambie Street.

There are numerous other ways to get to 80-metre-long Little Tunnel, which is perched 600 metres above Okanagan Lake, five kilometres northeast of Naramata and 18 kilometres north of Penticton.

You can also park in a large lot on Smethurst Road in Naramata for a shorter four-kilometre walk or cycle to Little Tunnel. Drive north on North Naramata Road, then turn right onto Smethurst Road. Watch for oncoming traffic around a very tight corner just before the lot, information board and an outhouse.

The most popular place to stop for lunch or a break is after you pass through the tunnel. There are two picnic tables and large rocks. The trail on both sides and through the tunnel is paved. Check out the soot on the tunnel's rock ceiling from the steam trains when the rail line was operational.

The gravel trail to Chute Lake was upgraded thanks to the Thompson Okanagan Tourism Association.

The great views of the lake quickly disappear behind trees and you are back in the forest. However, a few hundred metres past Little Tunnel are an outhouse, trash bin and parking lot. (Motorized vehicles can drive in the four kilometres from a parking lot on Chute Lake Road, via North Naramata Road). Hikers and bikers should watch for traffic on this narrow roadway with steep drop-offs.

The KVR Trail from Penticton is all uphill (only two per cent grade) but the spectacular views of Naramata and Okanagan Lake (and McCulloch Trestle) will take your mind off the climb. There is an outhouse on the way up and a side trail to Rock Oven Regional Park where ovens built in rock structures were used by railway workers to make bread while building the KVR.

Don't miss the panoramic views from short Ladybug Trail. Although described as a family walking trail with a 360-degree view (an exaggeration) of Okanagan Lake and Little Tunnel, keep an eye on youngsters walking up to the cliff.

The route back to Penticton from Little Tunnel is all downhill. It can be very fast and you hardly have to pedal.

Several wineries are close by on the Naramata Bench, include D’Angelo Estate Winery, Hillside Winery and Origin Wines. So you might want to stop for those.


It turns out the Central Okanagan Regional District's regional parks department isn't finished with Black Mountain sntsk‘il’nt?n Regional Park after all.

After silence for five weeks, last weekend's column not recommending hikers/bikers use main trails in their current condition (loose coarse gravel) amid criticism from users, prompted "additional background and clarity" from the RDOS.

"Construction of trails will be complete later this summer with a final trail surface to be added. The gravel currently in place on the trails is the base (coarse gravel) to provide structure for the trail. A final, fine crusher chip surface is still required as per parks (department) trail standards,” it said.

“The contractor we have retained has the final surfacing in a priority schedule and (we) expect the final surface to be in place next month.

"Parks staff state that the trail conditions are currently safe with no hazards, although more challenging for some bikes. In addition, each open trail is signed and given a difficulty rating with a description of what to expect on each trail."

This article is written by or on behalf of an outsourced columnist and does not necessarily reflect the views of Castanet.


Gravel service road unsafe for hikers and bikers

Black Mountain trail a no-go

The series on introductory trails is on hiatus this week. Instead, this special column focuses on a Central Okanagan trail not recommended for hikers and cyclists.

Open letter to Central Okanagan Regional District directors and Kelowna city councillors:

I'm writing with my concerns about the trails in Black Mountain sntsk‘il’nt?n Regional Park, specifically the use of coarse gravel on hills at both the Swainson Road and Joe Rich Road trailheads.

I include city councillors in this open letter because trail signs at Black Mountain sntsk‘il’nt?n Regional Park include the City of Kelowna logo and the regional district logo, and park users may suspect the cityto be involved in what I believe are unsafe trail conditions.

I would encourage regional board directors, as well as city councillors, to drive to Swainson Road and do a short walk up what is described on the park map as a “service road,” as far as the Coyote Trail. In fact, it is both a service road and a trail access.

You will immediately notice the Swainson Road parking lot and initial roadway up to the park gate is composed of hard-packed fine gravel but then the roadway switches to a thick layer of coarse gravel which moves underfoot as you climb a long hill.

During an e-bike outing on May 31, you could see vehicle tire tracks in the loose gravel. At the Coyote trailhead, there were narrow bicycle tire tread marks as the gravel shifted around. Yet fine gravel was used on Coyote and other uphill trails, some of them built by Central Okanagan students as a school project. Feedback on the service road gravel from trail users ranges from "uncomfortable" to "horrible."

The same is true at the Joe Rich Road trailhead—fine gravel in the parking lot and the first section of flat trail but coarse gravel up a long steep hill.

First, a little history. On April 21, a group of us e-biked from Joe Rich Road to Swainson Road, coincidentally, the same day as an official grasslands tour. When I reached the Swainson trailhead, I asked a group of tour participants what was with the coarse gravel? You could see uncomfortable looks on several faces and one woman responded that my concerns would be passed on to the regional parks department.

The loose coarse gravel is already migrating to the sides of the service road and hikers have started wearing new paths in the dirt on either side so they don't have to walk on the gravel. Of course, loose gravel scatters to the sides more quickly on steep grades, especially when service vehicles are climbing and descending.

I emailed the department explaining the regional coordinating committee for the Okanagan Rail Trail experimented with three different trail materials in a one-kilometre section in Lake Country. The winning combination was a fine gravel mix, compacted seven times which produced an almost asphalt-hard surface for 28 kilometres of trail between Lake Country and Coldstream. It has stood up to hundreds of thousands of visitors hiking and biking since it officially opened on Sept. 27, 2018.

I also contacted the Shuswap Trail Alliance and a spokesperson said: "For what we refer to as a Type 2 aggregate surface trail, it requires a compacted top tread surface of crusher fines, ideally with extra high fines content, which when wet and compacted, forms up to create a very firm surface. The fine (gravel) binds around the larger aggregate. (Like you see on the Okanagan Rail Trail and currently being applied to the northern (50-kilometre) Shuswap North Okanagan Rail Trail.)

“There can be subsurface layers using larger aggregate to build up the height of the trail, but the surface still needs the compacted crusher fines to set up firm enough for walking or riding on."

I expressed my concern to the regional parks department by email on April 21 and received the following reply on May 3

"Before the formal opening can occur, we are still working on the last bits of work that our contractor needs to complete, some of which is the placement of our standard crusher chip on the access trails from the Joe Rich Road side and some on the Swainson Road side. This gravel was not placed last fall as equipment and trucks were still navigating those surfaces. Now that the bulk of trail work is nearing completion, these are the final touches to be completed."

My May 6 email reply was: “I wasn't sure from your response if an additional layer was contemplated. If not, you might consider asking your contractor to spread a thin layer of crusher fines heading uphill from the Swainson Road trailhead gate as an experiment. A thin layer spread evenly by a dump truck should extend quite a distance uphill and should not be that expensive. That empty dump truck coming back down the Swainson Road trailhead hill, slowly, will provide at least an initial compaction. As the expert builders noted, the larger crusher chips move around like walking on marbles."

There was no response from regional parks.

If it's a matter of funding for a thin layer of crushed fine gravel, I would urge regional board directors to provide regional parks with a few hundred dollars as quickly as possible for one dump truck load to determine if that pilot project would make a crucial difference.

As the Shuswap Trail Alliance spokesperson said: "Topping with crushered fine (gravel), wetting and packing might work."

Applying a thin layer of crusher fines would certainly start the process and a little rain would help.

I am currently writing a series on introductory trails for my Castanet outdoor recreation column but in good conscience, I can't recommend what I believe to be an unsafe service road or trail which is the only way to access the upper trails at Black Mountain sntsk‘il’nt?n Regional Park from Swainson Road.

Regional board directors should also consider the legal liability if someone is injured after falling on an insecure gravel surface.

J.P. Squire

This article is written by or on behalf of an outsourced columnist and does not necessarily reflect the views of Castanet.

International Hike and Bike Trail popular in Oliver-Osoyoos

South Okanagan trail

The IT series on Introductory Trails continues with the International Hike and Bike Trail in the South Okanagan.

This 18.4-kilometre recreational multi-use pathway popular for hiking, running, biking and horseback riding meanders beside the Okanagan River as it flows south from Oliver to Osoyoos Lake with four major access points and parking areas along the route.

The north end, 5.5 kilometres north of Oliver at McAlpine Bridge, is the most popular access point for those coming from Penticton and points north. Heading south on Highway 97, turn left onto Tucelnuit Drive, then right on Willow Court into a large paved parking lot.

Many cyclists e-bike the trail as an out-and-back adventure, going all the way to the south end near the northern tip of Osoyoos Lake. The first 10 kilometres are paved and then it is a wide gravel trail. The southern access is at the wooden bridge on Road 22 off Highway 97, eight kilometres north of Osoyoos.

The two main accesses for Oliver residents and visitors are directly behind the Oliver Tourist Information Centre (free parking) and behind Kinsman Playground and Water Park.

The pathway was meticulously planned with rest stops, washrooms, picnic tables, interpretive signs and viewpoints, plus parts of the trail are wheelchair-accessible. It is important to stay alert and keep your head up as it is a popular trail with high traffic volumes. Those riding horses should use only the gravel sections. Cyclists should yield to hikers.

"This trail showcases the authentic beauty of the South Okanagan, winding through vineyards, orchards and farmlands in Osoyoos and Oliver,” says Kelley Glazer, executive director of Destination Osoyoos.

“The trail is flat with many paved sections, which makes it more accessible to all ages and abilities. Because it follows the Okanagan River channel, it is excellent for birdwatching and wildlife viewing.”

Whether biking the spectacular trails of the region or hiking in nearby hills, visitors should be aware of the sensitive, semi-arid, shrub-steppe desert environment. Adhering to the “Leave no trace” principle is crucial for all visitors and residents, Glazer added.

You should ensure you properly dispose of waste, leave what you find and respect all wildlife. Be aware of the unique flora and fauna, including the at-risk Western rattlesnake. Cyclists are advised to carry tire repair kits, as off-path areas contain puncturevine (tribulus terrestris) which can deflate bike tires.

Hellobc.com touts the trail as a wine-touring, desert scenery and cycling route all-in-one, with 11 wineries, including Silver Sage Winery and Burrowing Owl Estate Winery. Oliver, known as the “Wine Capital of Canada,” is home to nearly half of British Columbia’s vines and more than 40 wineries.

There are a few key things to remember. The best times to visit are March through October. However, July and August afternoons can be extremely hot. Osoyoos is, after all, the warmest place in Canada. So bring lots of water, sunscreen, a hat and aim for a morning or evening excursion when it is cooler.

If you are interested in hiking with a group, the Osoyoos-Oliver Naturalist Club schedules outings throughout the season. Stop by the Osoyoos Visitor Centre to learn more.

On Road 22 at the north end of Osoyoos Lake, there’s a parking lot and access to the Oxbows, a rich wetland habitat popular with hikers and bird watchers. As one of the only remaining wetlands in Osoyoos, this protected area includes a gentle, restored trail of approximately five kilometres round trip.

Another highlight is the 4.3-kilometre Irrigation Canal Walkway (aka the Osoyoos Canal Walkway) which starts at the corner of 62nd Street, just north of Osoyoos Secondary School, and follows the former aquatic lifeline that opened up the area for the fruit and wine industries in 1922.

Walking, biking or rollerblading on its flat, paved surface provides spectacular views of the town and desert ecosystem. Parking is available around the 62nd Street corner adjacent to the trail sign. The walkway can also be accessed from the Osoyoos Visitor Centre parking lot.

As for wildlife, when the Sheriff and Constant Companion Carmen were at the mid-point of the International Hike and Bike Trail during their last outing, hikers warned them they saw bears in the area as well as near the southern and northern ends that day.

You can combine hiking and cycling with the Garlic Festival and the Okanagan Fall Wine Festival, both in October.

"Although two trail accesses are right in the heart of Oliver, once you are on the trail, you are surrounded by nature. There are several oxbows and ponds where you can observe ducks, herons, eagles and painted turtles in their home environment,” said the former website exploreoliverbc.ca.

"In early summer, watch for the beautiful lily pads that flower bright pink in the ponds. During the summer months, you will find great spots for picnics and secluded swims in the river. Fall brings the changing colours of leaves; the bright red sumac is especially photoworthy. Fall is also the perfect time for watching salmon spawn in the Okanagan River. Whatever time of year you visit, make sure to bring your camera to capture the beauty you are bound to see in a walk or bike ride."

This article is written by or on behalf of an outsourced columnist and does not necessarily reflect the views of Castanet.


Kalamalka Lake rail trail delights

North end of OK Rail Trail

The north portion of the Okanagan Rail Trail is the ultimate valley trail for many reasons.

It is close to users from Kelowna to Vernon, it is all at railway grade (usually 3% maximum) so its compacted gravel is endlessly flat and easy for all abilities and ages. It is separated from congested roads and noisy vehicle traffic, has two waterfalls and two interpretive sites, has an educational aspect with a half-dozen interpretive signs, has the beauty of Kalamalka Lake known for its spectacular range of colours from teal to cyan to indigo and more than 24 kilometres (out of 49.5-kilometre total) are along lakeshore, with rich riparian habitat that supports a variety of plants, birds and other wildlife.

The key website, OkanaganRailTrail.ca, describes it as "a place of legacy, connections, discovery and enjoyment.”

“It is a public space with the potential to be world-class,” adds the website.

That wording was a mistake. It’s not a case of having to the potential to be, it is world-class.

You can do it as an out-and-back and go as far as you want, either hiking, biking, walking your dog or pushing a stroller. You can park at the Oyama isthmus boat launch and head north for 9.1 kilometres to Kekuli Bay Provincial Park or 18 kilometres to the “Kilometre 0” interpretive site at Little Head of the Lake (off College Way).

An unnamed, seasonal tall waterfall is on the trail near Kekuli Bay. Ribbleworth Falls and a new rest stop, called Trewhitt Point and named after Lake Country pioneer Arnold Trewhitt, are on the east side of Wood Lake, south of the boat launch if you decide to go that way toward Woodsdale Road.

Last year, several Friends of Okanagan Rail Trail ambassadors came up with the idea of cleaning up Trewitt Point. With support from the District of Lake Country, the Central Okanagan Foundation and FORT Fund Development, a collaborative effort created a lovely spot to stop and enjoy the scenery or have a quick dip in the lake.

Bike racks, rock benches and an Okanagan Nation Alliance information placard about black cottonwood trees (mulx) were installed, with plans for a vertical rock sign at the entrance.

"Thanks go to the FORT project management team for its efforts and in helping keep this project under budget," says Friends.

In 2021-22, the District of Coldstream built Coldstream Station on Kalamalka Road as the main parking area for the north end of the trail, plus public washrooms and visitor information. A second large parking lot and washrooms are located on Kickwillie Loop at Westkal Road.

To get to Kilometre 0 from Coldstream Station, turn right from Kalamalka Road onto College Way and climb the hill to the trailhead. Trail users from the south often drop off the ORT a short distance before Kilometre 0 (there are two two exits, take the second) to Westkal Road, then to the Kalamalka Road intersection and Rail Trail Cafe for lunch or a muffin break.

The second descent to Westkal Road has an asphalt ramp but beware of gravel on the pavement at the bottom where a friend skidded, crashed and broke her wrist.

For a little history, following six years of construction by Canadian National Railway, the CN Rail line opened in 1925 to bring fruit, other produce and lumber from the Okanagan to markets across the country. Kelowna Pacific Railway (KPR) leased the line from Jan. 30, 2000 to July 5, 2013 serving communities of Campbell Creek, Kamloops, Vernon, Coldstream, Lake Country, Okanagan Indian Band and Kelowna.

After KPR went into receivership, CN Rail began the formal process of discontinuing the rail line running from Lumby Junction in Coldstream to Kelowna in September 2013.

The 49-kilometre line was purchased on June 1, 2015 for $22 million through a cooperative agreement by local governments. The ORT Initiative then raised $7.8 million to build it and the ORT officially opened on Sept. 27, 2018.

Historical trivia—Prior to the construction of the Wood-Kalamalka canal on Oyama Road in 1908, Wood Lake was four feet higher than it is today, likely even higher during spring runoff. Trewhitt remembers Bottom Wood Lake Road becoming impassable due to flooding in the 1920s, long after the lake level had been lowered.


You have a unique opportunity to cycle the Wood Lake Loop and celebrate cycling when the District of Lake Country hosts a GoByBike Week celebration 7:30 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. June 5 at Swalwell Park on Woodsdale Road. Lake Country Cycle is offering free clinics and organizing community rides.


The Kettle Valley Rail (KVR) Trail and the Columbia and Western Rail Trail comprise the longest rail trail network in British Columbia, extending from Hope to Castlegar. Once a comprehensive railroad system, the decommissioned tracks are now home to an extensive recreational trail providing almost 650 kilometres of connected pathways throughout the region.

The first KVR passenger train pulled into the Penticton railway station June 31, 1915. The railway station was beside a wharf at the base of Martin Street, close to where the Penticton Peach concession stand is today. Penticton was once the KVR headquarters with two stations, a wharf connecting with steam ships and its own luxury railway hotel.

In the coming weeks, the Sheriff plans similar introductory trail features, such as the KVR Trail from Penticton to Little Tunnel, Myra Canyon in Myra-Bellevue Provincial Park and the International Hike and Bike Trail in Osoyoos.

This article is written by or on behalf of an outsourced columnist and does not necessarily reflect the views of Castanet.

More Making Tracks articles

About the Author

J.P. Squire arrived in the Okanagan Valley from flatland Chatham, Ont. in the middle of the night in the spring of 1980. Waking up in the Highway 97 motel, he looked across the then-four-lane roadway at Mount Baldy and commented: "Oh my God, there's mountains." Driving into downtown Kelowna, he exclaimed: "Oh my God, there's a lake."

The rest is history. After less than a month in Kelowna, he concluded: "I'm going to live here for a long time." And he did.

Within weeks and months, he was hiking local hillsides, playing rec hockey at Memorial Arena and downhill skiing at Big White Ski Resort. After purchasing a hobby farm in the Glenmore Valley in 1986, he bought the first of many Tennessee Walking Horses. After meeting Constant Companion Carmen in 1999, he bought two touring kayaks and they began exploring Interior lakes and B.C.'s coast.

The outdoor recreation column began with downhill ski coverage every winter as the Ski Sheriff but soon progressed to a year-round column as the Hiking, Biking, Kayaking and Horseback Riding Sheriff.

His extensive list of contacts in Okanagan outdoor recreation clubs, organizations and groups means a constant flow of emails about upcoming events and activities which will be posted on Castanet every Sunday.

You can email the Sheriff at: [email protected].

The views expressed are strictly those of the author and not necessarily those of Castanet. Castanet does not warrant the contents.

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