It's Your Money  

Tax planning strategies to consider before the end of the year

Minimize your tax liabilities

As 2023 draws to a close, Canadians are once again presented with the opportunity to take advantage of various year-end tax planning strategies.

While common practices like tax-loss selling and charitable donations are widely discussed (and important to consider), there are other less conventional methods to also be aware of.

Here are a few additional ideas to consider to further enhance your financial strategies and minimize your tax liabilities:

1. Utilize the Home Accessibility Tax Credit (HATC)—The Home Accessibility Tax Credit is often overlooked but can be a valuable benefit for Canadians who have made home renovations to accommodate individuals with mobility impairments. Eligible expenses may include the installation of ramps, grab bars, walk-in bathtubs, or the widening of doorways. This tax credit can reduce your overall tax liability and improve the quality of life for your family members.

2. Family income splitting—While pension income splitting is a well-known strategy for Canadian retirees, income splitting within families can be a powerful tool. For example, if one spouse is in a lower tax bracket than the other, you can consider income splitting by transferring investments or assets that generate income to the lower-earning spouse. This can help lower your overall tax bill as a family.

3. Maximize the First-Time Home Buyers' Tax Credit (HBTC)—For those looking to enter the housing market, the First-Time Home Buyers' Tax Credit is a valuable resource. This credit provides a non-refundable tax credit of up to $750 for eligible first-time homebuyers. By ensuring you meet the criteria and file for this credit, you can reduce the financial burden of buying your first home.

4. Renovate your home for energy efficiency—Did you make energy-efficient upgrades to your home this year? The Home Renovation Tax Credit for 2023 (HRTC) provides tax incentives for eco-friendly renovations, such as installing solar panels or upgrading insulation. This not only reduces your carbon footprint but also offers tax savings.

5. Invest in “flow-through” shares—Flow-through shares offer unique tax benefits for Canadians who invest in resource exploration companies. These investments allow you to deduct exploration expenses, which can be particularly beneficial for high-income individuals looking to reduce their tax liability.

6. Explore employee stock options—If you're an employee with stock options, consider the potential tax advantages of exercising these options before the end of the year. This can be especially advantageous if you anticipate a significant increase in the value of the underlying stock.

7. Maximize the Lifetime Capital Gains Exemption (LCGE) - The Lifetime Capital Gains Exemption allows Canadians to shelter a portion of the capital gains from the sale of qualified small business corporation shares, farm properties, or fishing properties. With careful planning, you can maximize the LCGE to reduce or eliminate the tax on the sale of these assets.

8. Consider investment loan strategies—While investment loans carry risk, they can also offer tax advantages. By leveraging borrowed funds for investment purposes, you can potentially deduct the interest expenses from your taxable income. This strategy should be approached cautiously and with the advice of a financial professional.

9. Explore family trusts and estate planning—Estate planning can significantly impact your financial situation. By establishing family trusts or implementing tax-efficient estate planning strategies, you can minimize the tax burden on your heirs and ensure a smoother transition of assets.

10. Dividend income splitting—If you have a corporation, consider income splitting through the payment of dividends to family members in lower tax brackets. This can be a tax-efficient way to distribute income and reduce your overall tax liability.

While the traditional year-end tax planning tips you hear each fall are important and valuable, it's equally essential to explore innovative and lesser-discussed strategies to optimize your financial situation and minimize your tax liabilities. The less conventional approaches mentioned in this column can provide unique opportunities for Canadians to reduce their tax burden, invest in energy efficiency, and ensure a comfortable financial future.

It's advisable to consult with a tax professional before implementing any of these strategies, as individual circumstances vary, and tax laws are subject to change. With careful planning and consideration, Canadians can make the most of their year-end tax planning efforts and position themselves for a more financially secure future.

This article is written by or on behalf of an outsourced columnist and does not necessarily reflect the views of Castanet.

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About the Author

Brett Millard is vice-president and a member of the executive leadership team at FP Canada, the national professional body for the financial planning industry. A not-for-profit organization, FP Canada works in the public interest to foster better financial health for all Canadians by leading the advancement of professional financial planning in Canada. 

He has worked in the financial advice industry for more than 15 years and is designated as a chartered investment manager (CIM) and is a certified financial planner (CFP).

He has written a weekly financial planning column since 2012 and provides his readers with easy to understand explanations of the complex financial challenges they face in every stage of life. Enhancing the financial literacy of Canadian consumers is a top priority for Brett and his ongoing efforts as a finance writer focus on that initiative. 

Please let Brett know if you have any topics you’d like him to cover in future columns ,or if you’d like a referral to a qualified CFP professional in your area, by emailing him at [email protected].


The views expressed are strictly those of the author and not necessarily those of Castanet. Castanet does not warrant the contents.

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